The growing application of the forging technology is leading to other support technologies to address various challenges. One of the biggest innovations is the invention of the automated forging production lines. The aim of this advanced technology is to address health issues associated with forging. They include exposure to high temperature, dust, vibration, and noise, among many others.
自动化锻造生产正在利用工业机器人. 除了健康问题, 机器人的使用也降低了劳动力成本, 这使得伪造产品更便宜. We are going to look at how the application of industrial robots to achieve automated forging production works.
The configuration of the automated process is not that different from the human-run system. 锻造系统几乎保持不变, 但唯一的区别是工业机器人的应用. There are things you need to get right to achieve a flexible, automated forging press production.
The automated production line depends upon the number of things, and one of them is the capacity. The size of products you want to make is an important factor when designing an automated production line.
The number of industrial robots needed to automate the production line depends on the number of functions. In a typical setting, the number of industrial robots to complete a forging production line is five. 布局可能因产品而异. 然而, 因为大多数锻件的成形工艺几乎相同, 机器人的布局几乎是一样的.
The robot configuration is a crucial factor to consider when buying the robot for the automated production line. 机器人的负载需要更大，以允许有效的运动. 你需要处理你想要处理的大量材料.
The most recommended configuration is a robot load that is 35kg above the product you want to 打造. 然而, for a larger ranger of forging automated production lines that can handle almost all kinds forging, 一个210公斤的机器人负载工作得很好. 它是几乎所有锻造形式中最全面的配置.
The automation of the production line is carried out using special computer programs. 按下按钮，预设的程序就可以运行整个系统. 然而, it is important to ensure proper planning of the process before making the program to ensure an error-free and organized production line.
The robot should take the billet from the heating furnace to the roller forging machine. The material then goes to the forging press and to all the press stations automatically. 成品的整个过程应该是自动化的.
有了有效的控制系统，自动化生产线将能顺利运行. This system makes the individual equipment run effectively and integrates the interactive signals between various equipment in the line. 这是一个有效运作的系统.
自动化系统结构包含几个组件. 作为一个计算机化系统, 你需要一个中央CPU控制器, 通信模块, 数据采集单元, 在许多其他组件中. 有多种网络结构可供选择.
自动化系统应该有一个安全门锁, 紧急安全停车, 以及其他安全装置. This is to prevent damages in case the program misbehaves or there are damages along the forging process. 光报警信号或声音是一些应用广泛的安全措施. The program should have the robots enter the fault state in case of a system failure.
一个好的自动化生产线应该同时具有自动化和手工操作. 两种模式都应该很容易在需要时激活. 手动模式的重要性在于对系统的维护. In case the automated system jams and you have to work, you can revert to manual production.
The use of industrial robots for automating forging is a bit complex due to the long forging processes. You require paying a lot of attention to produce an organized and effective working system. 专业精神是有效制度的关键. 尽管初始成本可能很高, 自动化系统可以降低人工成本，提高生产效率.